Fat Loss 4 Idiots

Diet Dictionary & Definitions

  • Active exercise: Motion imparted to a part by voluntary contraction and relaxation of its controlling muscles.
  • Adipose tissue: Fatty tissue, tissue in which fat cells are located. In animals, adipose, or fatty tissue is the body's means of storing metabolic energy over extended periods of time. Depending on current physiological conditions, adipocytes store fat derived from the diet and liver metabolism or degrade stored fat to supply fatty acids and glycerol to the circulation. These metabolic activities are regulated by several hormones (i.e., insulin, glucagon and epinephrine). The location of the tissue determines its metabolic profile: "Visceral fat" is located within the abdominal wall (i.e., beneath the wall of abdominal muscle) whereas "subcutaneous fat" is located beneath the skin (and includes fat that is located in the abdominal area beneath the skin but above the abdominal muscle wall). Visceral fat was recently discovered to be a significant producer of signaling chemicals (ie, hormones), among which are several which are involved in inflammatory tissue responses. One of these is resistin which has been linked to obesity, insulin resistance, and Type 2 diabetes. This latter result is currently controversial, and there have been reputable studies supporting all sides on the issue.
  • Aerobic exercise: That designed to increase oxygen consumption and improve functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
  • Body mass index: BMI, index of healthy weight in people in relation to height (weight in kilograms is divided by the square of height in meters)
  • Calory: Unit of heat energy; amount of energy needed to raise one gram of water one degree.
  • Carbohydrate: Any of a class of organic compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, or change to such substances on simple chemical transformations, as hydrolysis, oxidation, or reduction, and that form the supporting tissues of plants and are important food for animals and people.
  • Cholesterol: Fatty substance present in the blood and in certain foods (excess amount can cause a hardening of the arteries)
  • Diet: A particular selection of food, esp. as designed or prescribed to improve a person's physical condition or to prevent or treat a disease; and, such a selection or a limitation on the amount a person eats for reducing weight.
  • Dietician: specialist in dietetics, nutritionist.
  • Fat: Any of several white or yellowish greasy substances, forming the chief part of adipose tissue of animals and also occurring in plants, that when pure are colorless, odorless, and tasteless and are either solid or liquid esters of glycerol with fatty acids; fats are insoluble in water or cold alcohol but soluble in ether, chloroform, or benzene: used in the manufacture of soap, paints, and other protective coatings and in cooking.
  • Obesity: State of being excessively overweight.
  • Overweight: Excessive weight.
  • Passive exercise: Motion imparted to a part by another person or outside force, or produced by voluntary effort of another segment of the patient's own body.
  • Protein: Essential organic compound composed of 20 or more amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
  • Stretching: As theorized in literature, is the deliberate act of lengthening of muscles, in order to increase muscle flexibility and/or joint range of motion (Weerapong et al 189-206). Stretching is a natural activity often performed without thinking by most people and many animals, and can simply be pleasurable. It can be accompanied by yawning. Stretching often occurs right after waking from sleep, after long periods of inactivity, or after exiting confined spaces.
  • Workout: Training of the body; training; practice, drills; fitness test.
  • Zone Diet: Purported access to "the Zone," an alleged mysterious state in which one is "apparently" indefatigable and weight loss is "almost automatic." Its originator is Barry Sears, Ph.D., coauthor of the bestseller The Zone: A Revolutionary Life Plan to Put Your Body in Total Balance for Permanent Weight Loss (also subtitled A Dietary Road Map) and its sequel Mastering the Zone (1997). Carbohydrate restriction characterizes the diet.

Regular Physical Activity

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